A Rich and Complex Ecosystem.
CORAL REEFS - THE TREASURES OF THE SEA
Based on current trends, all coral reefs may be dead by the year 2050. This will directly affect hundreds of millions of people and will be an enormous loss for the planet
Almost half of the world’s reefs have been lost in the last 40 years. The main cause is a warming climate, in addition to overfishing and human pollution.
Coral is a very complex animal. It is linked to the jellyfish family and sea anemone (cnidaria), it looks like a small anemone called polyp.
Barely seeable with your eyes, a polyp is building a calcareous skeleton and is living in colony. Every polyp has algea within themselves called zooxanthellea.
Both of these organisms live in symbiosis. This means that when the coral is giving a protection and nutrients to the algea, the algea is giving energy, food and oxygen in exchange.
All the corals together are creating the reef, a real city underwater which is a shelter for more than 30% of the marine life.